Open Data Albania is disclosing data on the death toll by causal disease for 2012-2019. This indicator shows the number of diseases affecting the population the most and also determining the final diagnosis at the moment a death is recorded. The groups of diseases causing death include Infectious Diseases; Tumors; Endocrine and Nutrition-related Diseases; Blood Diseases; Mental Disorders; Nervous System; Blood Circulation Diseases; Respiratory Tract; Digestion Tract; Urogenital System; Birth Complications; Skin and Tissue Diseases; Bones and Muscles Diseases; Birth Malformations; Perinatal; Undetermined Symptoms; the Trauma, Trauma, Poisoning, and Accidents. The data are provided by the Albanian state authorities, which published indicators as of 2018 in April 2020. This year, a total of 21 804 (twenty-one thousand and eight hundred and four) people have passed away. The most fatal group of diseases is the one related with the blood circulation. This group of diseases has caused 11 599 deaths (53.2% of total) in 2018. The second group of diseases causing deaths is tumors with 3695 fatalities or 16.95% of the total. The third group of diseases is the undetermined symptoms that have caused 3689 cases. This indicator shows a gap in the health system capacity to diagnose and identify causes of death. The more such cases, the bigger the gap of our health system in assessing and intervening on a case-by-case basis. This group of fatalities shows lack of quality services and lack of a pro-health culture in the country. This group has been increasing in the recent years. In 2012, diseases with undetermined symptoms marked only 11% of the total number of deaths.

The third group of diseases is the one with undetermined symptoms, which has caused 3689 deaths. This indicator shows a gap in the health system capacity to diagnose and identify causes of death. The more such cases, the bigger the gap of our health system in assessing and intervening on a case-by-case basis. This group of fatalities shows a lack of quality services and a lack of a pro-health culture in the country, as well as the unsatisfactory performance of the health system and diagnostics.


Data: INSTAT
Processing and Analysis: Open Data Albania


Data: INSTAT
Processing and Analysis: Open Data Albania

What is positive is the fact that deaths caused by trauma, accidents, and poisoning has been decreasing, indicating a higher level of safety against risks caused mostly by human behavior. The number of perinatal diseases (among newborns) is increasing. Equally, birth malformations and birth complications have also been increasing in 2018. This indicator shows difficulties with the reproductive health and mother and child care, an indicator which has been negative for the country for years.

The death toll by disease is an interesting and important indicator. It helps understand not only the diseases that pose more danger to the population of a country, but also the problems related to health policies and their efficiency. The data processed by Open Data Albania are obtained from INSTAT.

Download excel: Death toll by causal diseases, indicators for Albania 1993-2018
Contribution by: Griselda Ruci